WWJD?

The answer to ethical questions for Christians must begin with the Scriptural teachings of Jesus.  Not necessary what would Jesus have done, but what a faithful follower of Jesus should do.  Huff Post Religion had a blog post on that this week.  It comes to the only conclusion that a faithful Christian can reach, IMHO.  But I would go further.  Jesus turned over the tables of the money changers in the temple.  It is time to turn over the tables of semi-automatic weapons in the temple of the NRA (otherwise known as Congress).  The NRA and gun manufacturers have created a systemic evil that can only be addressed by concerted action by Christians (and other people of faith) to banish it.  The time to act is now.

What Would Jesus Say to the NRA?
Posted: 12/24/2012 4:43 pm

by Shane Claiborne

….  From his birth in the manger as a homeless refugee until his brutal execution on the Roman cross, Jesus was very familiar with violence. Emmanuel means “God with us.” Jesus’ coming to earth is all about a God who leaves the comfort of heaven to join the suffering on earth. The fact that Christians throughout the world regularly identify with a victim of violence — and a nonviolent, grace-filled, forgiving victim — is perhaps one of the most fundamentally life-altering and world-changing assumptions of the Christian faith. Or it should be.

So what does that have to do with the NRA? Underneath the rhetoric of the gun-control debate this Christmas is a nagging question: Are more guns the solution to our gun problem?

Everything in Jesus’ world, just as in ours, contends that we must use violence to protect the innocent from violence, which is the very thing Jesus came to help us un-learn through his nonviolent life and death on the cross. Surely, we think, if God were to come to earth, he should at least come with a bodyguard — if not an entire entourage of armed soldiers and secret service folk. But Jesus comes unarmed. Surely, we think, if God were about to be killed he would bust out a can of butt-kicking wrath; but Jesus looks into the eyes of those about to kill him and says, “Father forgive them.” The Bible goes so far to say that the wisdom of God makes no sense to the logic of this world, in fact it may even seem like “foolishness” (or at least utopian idealism).  When soldiers come to arrest and execute Jesus, one of his closest friends defensively picks up a sword to protect him. Jesus’ response is stunning: He scolds his own disciple and heals the wounded persecutor. It was a tough and very counter-intuitive lesson: “The one who picks up the sword dies by the sword … there is another way.” …

Many Christians have begun to speak of Jesus as an interruption to the “myth of redemptive violence,” the assumption that we can use violence to get rid of violence or that we can destroy a life to save a life. The myth of redemptive violence has many ugly faces. It teaches us that we can kill those who kill to show that killing is wrong. It teaches us to live by the law of “an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth” a law that Jesus firmly spun on its head, saying, “You’ve heard it said ‘an eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth … but I tell you…” There is another way. Killing to show that killing is wrong is like trying to teach holiness by fornication. The cure is as bad as the disease.

At one point Jesus even weeps over the violent world he lived in, lamenting that “they did not know the things that would lead to peace.” The fact that Jesus carried a cross rather than a sword has something relevant and redemptive to offer our violent-possessed world. After all, the Bible has a lot to say about loving enemies, and “Thou shalt not kill,” but doesn’t even mention the right to bear arms.

… What would Jesus say to our nation…:
10,000 people die from gun-related homicides each year, that’s one Sandy Hook massacre a day, every day
There are nearly 90 guns for every 100 people
There are more than 51,000 licensed gunshops (and 30,000 supermarkets)
Guns that can shoot 100 rounds a minute, and are only designed to kill, are still legal
Other than auto accidents, gun violence is the leading cause of death of young people (under 20)
$20,000 a second is spent on war

… [Jesus] consistently taught that we can disarm violence without mirroring it, and that we can rid the world of evil without becoming the evil we abhor. So let us recommit ourselves to Peace this Christmas season and new year — in honor of Jesus, and in honor of the holy innocents.

Full post:  http://www.huffingtonpost.com/shane-claiborne/what-would-jesus-say-to-the-nra_b_2360543.html?view=print&comm_ref=false

Five more myths — beyond the canard that gun control doesn’t work

Five myths about gun control

In this Washington Post piece on December 21, 2012 (apocalypse past), Robert J. Spitzer — distinguished service professor and chair of the political science department at the State University of New York College at Cortland and author of four books on gun policy, including “The Politics of Gun Control”–tackles five myths about control:

  1. gun control is a losing battle for Democrats (the NRA has not been able to elect pro-gun candidates and gun control is not that salient an issue);
  2. guns are deadliest as murder weapons (no, guns facilitate far more suicides than homicides);
  3. American schools have become shooting galleries (no, schools are remarkably safe and getting safer);
  4. gun control laws are incompatible with our Western heritage (gun control laws have been around as long as guns have);                                and most significantly,
  5. the Second Amendment was adopted to allow rebellion against government (no, it was adopted to allow armed state militia to suppress insurrections!!!). 

For the full article, visit: http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/five-myths-about-gun-control/2012/12/21/6ffe0ae8-49fd-11e2-820e-17eefac2f939_print.html.  Spitzer is available at robert.spitzer@cortland.edu

Yes Virginia, Gun Control Does Work

Despite the massive loopholes in the 1994 assault weapon ban, it still helped — according to the only official study that Congress permitted and according to an October 2012 Johns Hopkins School of Public Health Study.

JH School of Public Health Study
http://www.jhsph.edu/research/centers-and-institutes/johns-hopkins-center-for-gun-policy-and-research/publications/WhitePaper102512_CGPR.pdf

National Institute of Justice Study
http://www.sas.upenn.edu/jerrylee/research/aw_final2004.pdf

Mass Shootings in 2012

You may notice a theme to the 2012 mass shootings: they tend to involve the use of semi-automatic rifles and handguns.  To the extent that I have not listed the specific weapon used, it does not mean a different type of weapon was used: it means that the police have not released that detail or I have not yet found mention of the type of weapon used.  

Feb. 21: Norcross, Ga.
4 killed, plus shooter
A man who had been asked to leave his family’s business returned and killed his sisters and their husbands before shooting himself. The man had a history of violence, but had purchased the gun legally. Why could someone with a history of violence purchase a gun legally?

Feb. 27: Chardon, Ohio
3 killed, 2 injured
A sophomore at another area school walked into the Chardon High School cafeteria and fired 10 shots at four students sitting at a table. He used a Ruger MK III Target .22 caliber semi-automatic handgun, reportedly stolen from his uncle. 

March 8: Pittsburgh
1 killed, plus shooter, 7 injured
A former Duquesne University teaching assistant barred from campus began shooting using two semi-automatic handguns in a psychiatric hospital. He was shot dead by police. Police said at least one gun was stolen.

April 2: Oakland
7 killed, 3 injured
A former nursing student who had dropped out returned to the school, pulled an administrator into a nursing classroom, lined up students against the wall and began shooting them.  He purchased the  .45 caliber semi-automatic handgun legally.

April 6: Tulsa
3 killed, 2 injured
Two men  targeted random black men in four locations as they drove around town in an Easter weekend shooting spree.  The weapon has not been identified.

May 30: Seattle
5 killed, plus shooter, 1 injured
The shooter who had a history of mental and behavioral problems was asked by a barista to leave a coffee shop.  He stood up and opened fire using two .45 caliber semi-automatic handguns.  The guns were purchased legally and Stawicki had a concealed weapons permit.  Why would someone with a history of mental and behavioral problems be able to obtain a concealed weapons permit?

July 20: Aurora, Colo.
12 killed, 58 injured
A former grad student  reportedly entered a mall theater during a midnight showing of “The Dark Knight Rises,” set off gas canisters and opened fire with an M&P15 (AR15 type) semi-automatic rifle with a 100 bullet clip, a Glock .40 semi-automatic handgun with a large clip, and a pump-action .12 shotgun.  He also bought 6000 rounds of ammunition on the internet.

Aug. 5: Oak Creek, Wisc.
6 killed, plus shooter, 3 injured
A white supremacist walked into a Sikh temple and opened fire just before Sunday services. The gun was purchased legally.

Aug. 13: College Station, Texas
2 killed, plus shooter, 4 injured
A man opened fire on police who approached his house to serve an eviction notice about two blocks from the Texas A&M campus. Police shot the gunman and he died in custody. Police have not publicly stated how Engeldinger acquired the guns.

Sept. 27: Minneapolis
6 killed, plus shooter, 3 injured
A man  being fired from his job at a sign company pulled out a gun and shot his two managers, the owner, other employees and a UPS driver as he walked around the building before shooting himself. The gun was purchased legally.

Oct. 21: Brookfield, Wisc.
3 killed, plus shooter, 4 injured
A former Marine whose wife had obtained a restraining order against him three days earlier entered her workplace and shot her and six other women before killing himself. The restraining order made it illegal for Haughton to buy a gun, but he bought it from a private seller; no background check was required and no waiting period was enforced.

Dec. 11: Happy Valley, Ore.
2 killed, plus shooter, 1 injured
A former gyro shop employee  opened fire randomly inside Clackamas Town Center shopping mall with a AR-15 semi-automatic rifle. His gun, reportedly stolen from an acquaintance, jammed during the spree but he killed himself with a final shot.

Dec. 14: Newtown, Conn.                                                                                                                                                                         27 killed, plus shooter, unknown number injured

A young man killed his mother and then entered Sandy Hook Elementary School, shooting and killing 26 people, including 20 children, using an AR-15 semi-automatic rifle and two semi-automatic handguns, and then killed himself. The shooter had stolen the guns from his mother, but his mother had legally purchased those guns.

Dec. 21: Frankstown Township, Pa.

3 killed, plus shooter, 3 injured
A gunman shot a woman through a church window, a man in a nearby home and the driver of a car he had hit while fleeing. He then hit a police car, injured three troopers, and was killed in a shootout.

Dec. 24: Webster, NY                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3 killed, plus shooter, 2 injured                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Sniper shot firefighters and his sister, setting blaze to house to ambush firefighters, using a semi-automatic AR15 Bushmaster rifle, another rifle, and handgun.  The shooter was an ex-con who could not legally buy firearms; uncertain how he obtained them.     

Favorite weapon of mass murderers?

Just in case you’ve been taken in by the description of some weapons of mass destruction as “semi-automatic,” here’s a film that shows how AR-15 weapons with sliding stocks actually work:

 

 

Bill Saxler of Milwaukee holds a Bushmaster rifle in 2006, during the 135th National Rifle Association (NRA) Annual Convention in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. S

Bill Saxler of Milwaukee holds a Bushmaster rifle in 2006, during the 135th National Rifle Association (NRA) Annual Convention in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Photo by Jeff Haynes/AFP/Getty Images.

Slade reports:

From USA Today:

Early Monday morning, William Spengler Jr., 62, set fire to his house and a car, hid behind a berm with a Bushmaster .223 rifle, a Mossberg 12-gauge shotgun and a .38-caliber Smith & Wesson pistol and fired on the first responders from West Webster, N.Y., a Rochester suburb. As firefighters ran for cover and evacuated the neighborhood, the fire spread to six other houses and Spengler fatally shot himself, Webster Police Chief Gerald Pickering said.

Police are still trying to piece together exactly what happened in western New York on Christmas Eve, but they now say that it was that first gun—the Bushmaster .223 rifle—that Spengler most likely used to kill two volunteer firefights from long range and seriously wound two others on Christmas Eve, according to the New York Times.

If the name of that gun sounds familiar it is because it was the same make and caliber weapon that authorities say Adam Lanza used to kill 20 children and six adults at Sandy Hook Elementary in Newtown, Conn. on Dec. 14. Before that tragedy, the semi-automatic weapon also made headlines as one of the weapons allegedly brandished by James Holmes, who opened fire at a movie theater in Colorado this summer, and Jacob Tyler Roberts, who reportedly did the same at an Oregon shopping mall earlier this month. It was also the weapon of choice for John Allen Muhammed and Lee Boyd Malvo during the so-called Beltway Sniper Shootings of 2002.

Time magazine laid out the gun’s history earlier this year:

The AR-15 rifle was first developed by the Fairchild ArmaLite corporation in 1957. ArmaLite sold the rights to the design to Colt in 1959, and the weapon was adapted for military use as the M16; it went in to service in Vietnam in 1963. The modern AR-15 is a demilitarized version of the M16, and is now manufactured by several companies including Bushmaster, Colt and ArmaLite. It is a lightweight, small-caliber semi-automatic rifle, with a light recoil and a variety of optional barrel lengths and targeting/aiming devices. … Depending on the make, model and options, an AR-15 can cost anywhere from $900 to $2000. …

Bushmaster, based in Madison, N.C., was founded in 1973 by Richard Dyke, who sold the company to Cerebrus Capital Management in 2006 …. It’s currently part of the Freedom Group, a conglomerate of arms manufacturers whose 13 brands also include Remington, Marlin Firearms, and DPMS/Panther. In 2011, the company had sales of $775 million, according to its annual report, and sold 1.1 million rifles and 2 billion rounds of ammunition.

In the wake of Newtown and in the midst of mounting public pressure, Cerberus announced earlier this month that it plans to sell off Freedom Group, saying that the Sandy Hook shooting represented “a watershed event that has raised the national debate on gun control to an unprecedented level.”

The AR-15 is normally one of the first guns name-dropped by gun control advocates discussing the weapons they’re most concerned about. Despite that (or maybe partly because of it) the gun also remains one of the most popular semi-automatic rifles on the market. According to an estimate by Guns and Ammo magazine from March, gunmakers manufactured roughly 1.5 million of the rifles in the past five years alone.

Updated at 11:25 a.m. to make citations more clear.

Opinion from New Scientist discussing how to reduce US gun violence

How to reduce the toll from US gun violence
16:30 20 December 2012 by Peter Aldhous
New Scientist, opinion, visit http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn23026

…[T]here is now a body of evidence pointing to what works, and what doesn’t, in reducing gun violence (Crime & Delinquency, doi.org/d66b69).

While political rhetoric focuses on gun control, the strongest evidence comes from community-based law enforcement. Best studied are the “focused deterrence” strategies promoted by the National Network for Safe Communities. These involve police and community leaders meeting with the criminal groups – not necessarily formal gangs – that in many cities are responsible for more than half of all gun violence.  These encounters deliver a clear message: “We know who you are; we’re not going to tolerate what you’re doing, and here’s what will happen if you don’t clean up your act.” Help is also offered to street criminals who want to change their ways. In Boston, where the approach was pioneered in the 1990s, “Operation Ceasefire” was credited with a 63 per cent reduction in youth homicides. Similar efforts have spread to several dozen other US cities. Of 10 rigorous studies of their effectiveness, nine show statistically significant reductions in crime (Campbell Systematic Reviews, doi.org/j3d).

President Barack Obama now says that Congress will be sent a package of gun control measures by January. These seem likely to include a ban on assault weapons like the rifle used at Newtown, controls on the sale of high-capacity ammunition clips, and eliminating loopholes that allow private sales of guns – thought to comprise 40 per cent of the trade – without any background checks on the purchaser.

Evidence for the effectiveness of such gun laws is less clear, and hard to assess – these are not controlled experiments and typically several measures are introduced at once, making it hard to tease apart their effects. Nevertheless, experience in California, which prohibited private gun sales without background checks in 1991, suggests that this may be a useful step.  A new study of guns recovered by law enforcement conducted for the National Institute of Justice indicates that they move into criminal hands more slowly in California than in states with unfettered private sales. “Our ‘time-to-crime’ is longer,” says Garen Wintemute of the University of California, Davis, one of the report’s authors.

As for mass shootings, it stands to reason that removing assault rifles and high-capacity clips from sale should limit the death toll from individual incidents. Australia’s experience is encouraging: after 13 mass shootings in 18 years, a ban on semi-automatic rifles and pump-action shotguns was introduced in 1996. It was associated with a reduction in overall gun homicide deaths – and there has not been a shooting involving five or more deaths since (Injury Prevention, doi.org/ff7gm4).

In the US, knee-jerk positions for or against gun control have until now won out over careful consideration of the evidence. In memory of the children who died at Newtown, it is time to put these divisions aside and begin a sensible, meaningful discussion about how to solve a terrible and complex problem.

The Economist viewpoint

I must say that the Economist favors far more stringent gun control than I am suggesting. Maybe they are right, but banning semi-automatic weapons, high capacity ammunition cartridges, and other weapons of war would be a good start. The Economist says:

This time may—just—prove different. The crime in Newtown was so horrible that even the National Rifle Association is talking about change. Some form of new regulation does seem possible: perhaps a reinstatement of the assault-weapons ban which, between 1994 and 2004, prohibited the sale of a list of the most militaristic weapons, or an end to the “gun-show exemption” that allows people to buy weapons without the usual background checks that supposedly prevent the sale of weapons to criminals and the insane.

If you want to be safer, change the constitution

These measures will all help, though they cannot be anything like the panacea that the would-be regulators dream of. The great bulk of America’s murders are committed with “ordinary” handguns, not the sort that would be covered by any remotely likely ban; and the evidence that the 1994-2004 ban altered homicide rates is sketchy at best. The list of banned weapons was filled with loopholes, and was easy for gun-buyers to evade. It also referred only to the sale of new weapons, and made no attempt to tackle the mountain of killing equipment already in the public’s hands.

If Americans want a society where schools do not, as the one in Newtown did, have to drill their children in emergency lock-down procedures, more drastic measures should be contemplated. Handgun bans, such as those that operated in Chicago and Washington, DC, before the Supreme Court struck them down, would be needed on a national scale. Gun licences, obtainable only after extensive police and medical review as in most other civilised countries, would be needed for hunting and sporting weapons. Tough police action, coupled with an extensive “buy-back” programme, would be needed to mop up the hundreds of millions of guns that are already held. If, as seems probable, this is held to conflict with the constitution, then the constitution needs to be amended.

Go to the Economist’s article: http://www.economist.com/news/leaders/21568735-only-drastic-gun-control-could-make-big-difference-small-measures-can-help-bit-newtowns/print

Brady Center Facts


PROBLEM: There are too many victims of gun violence because we make it too easy for dangerous people to get dangerous weapons in America.

DID YOU KNOW? In one year on average, almost 100,000 people in America are shot or killed with a gun.

In one year, 31,593 people died from gun violence and 66,769 people survived gun injuries (National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC)). That includes:

12,179 people murdered and 44,466 people shot in an attack (NCIPC).

18,223 people who killed themselves and 3,031 people who survived a suicide attempt with a gun (NCIPC).

592 people who were killed unintentionally and 18,610 who were shot unintentionally but survived (NCIPC).

Over a million people have been killed with guns in the United States since 1968, when Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and Robert F. Kennedy were assassinated (Childrens’ Defense Fund, p. 20).

U.S. homicide rates are 6.9 times higher than rates in 22 other populous high-income countries combined, despite similar non-lethal crime and violence rates. The firearm homicide rate in the U.S. is 19.5 times higher (Richardson, p.1).

Among 23 populous, high-income countries, 80% of all firearm deaths occurred in the United States (Richardson, p. 1).

Gun violence impacts society in countless ways: medical costs, costs of the criminal justice system, security precautions such as metal detectors, and reductions in quality of life because of fear of gun violence. These impacts are estimated to cost U.S. citizens $100 billion annually (Cook, 2000).

DID YOU KNOW? Where there are more guns, there are more gun deaths.

An estimated 41% of gun-related homicides and 94% of gun-related suicides would not occur under the same circumstances had no guns been present (Wiebe, p. 780).

Higher household gun ownership correlates with higher rates of homicides, suicides, and unintentional shootings (Harvard Injury Control Center).

Keeping a firearm in the home increases the risk of suicide by a factor of 3 to 5 and increases the risk of suicide with a firearm by a factor of 17 (Kellermann, 1992, p. 467; Wiebe, p. 771).

Keeping a firearm in the home increases the risk of homicide by a factor of 3 (Kellermann, 1993, p. 1084).

DID YOU KNOW? On the whole, guns are more likely to raise the risk of injury than to confer protection.

A gun in the home is 22 times more likely to be used in a completed or attempted suicide (11x), criminal assault or homicide (7x), or unintentional shooting death or injury (4x) than to be used in a self-defense shooting. (Kellermann, 1998, p. 263).

Guns are used to intimidate and threaten 4 to 6 times more often than they are used to thwart crime (Hemenway, p. 269).

Every year there are only about 200 legally justified self-defense homicides by private citizens (FBI, Expanded Homicide Data, Table 15) compared with over 30,000 gun deaths (NCIPC).

A 2009 study found that people in possession of a gun are 4.5 times more likely to be shot in an assault (Branas).

DID YOU KNOW? Assaults and suicide attempts with firearms are much more likely to be fatal than those perpetrated with less lethal weapons or means. Removing guns saves lives.

There are five times as many deaths from gun assaults as from knife assaults, where the rates of assault with knives and with guns are similar (Zimring, p. 199).

More than 90 percent of suicide attempts with a gun are fatal (Miller, 2004, p. 626). In comparison, only 3 percent of attempts with drugs or cutting are fatal (Miller, 2004, p. 626).

DID YOU KNOW? Guns can be sold in the United States without a background check to screen out criminals or the mentally ill.

It is estimated that over forty percent of gun acquisitions occur in the secondary market. That means that they happen without a Brady background check at a federally licensed dealer (Cook, p. 26).

Sales from federal firearm licensees (FFLs) require a background check. Sales between individuals, under federal law, do not require a background check. This means that felons can “lie and buy” at gun shows and other places where guns are readily available.

SOLUTION: We need to make it harder for convicted felons, the dangerously mentally ill, and other prohibited persons to obtain guns by implementing strong gun laws and policies that will protect our families and communities from gun violence.

Sources

Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence, based on Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “Rates of Homicide, Suicide, and Firearm-Related Death Among Children — 26 Industrialized Countries,” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 1997, 46(5): 101-105; United Nations Tenth Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems, 2005-2006; Australian Institute of Criminology. National Homicide Monitoring Program Annual Report 2006-2007; Home Office Statistical Bulletin, “England / Wales: Homicides, Firearm Offences and Intimate Violence 2006/07”; Population References (except England and Wales): Population Reference Bureau, 2006 World Population Data Sheet; Population estimates for England and Wales

Branas et al, “Investigating the Link Between Gun Possession and Gun Assault,” American Journal of Public Health, 99(11)(2009), published online ahead of print, Sep 17, 2009

Children’s Defense Fund, Protect Children Not Guns 2009, September 2009

Cook, Philip J, and Jens Ludwig, Gun Violence: The Real Costs, New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2000

Cook, PJ and J Ludwig, Guns in America: Results of a Comprehensive National Survey on Firearms Ownership and Use, (Washington, DC: Police Foundation, 1996).

Federal Bureau of Investigation, Uniform Crime Reports, Crime in the United States, 2008, Expanded Homicide Data Table 15 and Table 15

Harvard School of Public Health: Harvard Injury Control Research Center. Homicide – Suicide – Accidents – Children and Women, Boston: Harvard School of Public Health, 2009, http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/research/hicrc/firearms-research/guns-and-death/index.html

Hemenway, David and Deborah Azrael., “The Relative Frequency of Offensive and Defensive Gun Uses: Results From a National Survey,” Violence and Victims, 15(3) (2000): 257-272

Kellermann, Arthur L. et al., “Injuries and Deaths Due to Firearms in the Home,” Journal of Trauma, Injury, Infection, and Critical Care, 45(2) (1998): 263-267

Kellermann, Arthur L. MD, MPH, et al., “Gun Ownership as a Risk Factor for Homicide in the Home,” New England Journal of Medicine, 329(15) (1993): 1084-1091

Kellermann, Arthur L. et al., “Suicide in the Home in Relation to Gun Ownership,” New England Journal of Medicine, 327(7) (1992): 467-472

Miller, Matthew, David Hemenway, Deborah Azrael, “Firearms and Suicide in the Northeast,” Journal of Trauma 57 (2004):626-632. (See also: E. D. Shenassa, S. N. Catlin, S. L Buka, “Lethality of Firearms Relative to Other Suicide Methods: A Population Based Study,” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 57 (2003): 120-124.

National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (2008 (deaths) and 2009 (injuries). Calculations by Brady Center to Prevent Gun Violence.

Richardson, Erin G., and David Hemenway, “Homicide, Suicide, and Unintentional Firearm Fatality: Comparing the United States With Other High-Income Countries, 2003,” Journal of Trauma, Injury, Infection, and Critical Care, published online ahead of print, June 2010

Wiebe, Douglas J. PhD. “Homicide and Suicide Risks Associated With Firearms in the Home: A National Case-Control Study,” Annals of Emergency Medicine 41 (2003): 771-82.

Zimring, Franklin, and Gordon Hawkins, Crime is not the Problem: Lethal Violence in America, New York: Oxford University Press, 1997

Michael Moore’s view

RT @mikelondoncan @MMFlint Number of homicides in Detroit, MI, 2010 – 310. Number in Windsor, ON, Canada, one mile away – 0. Same movies, video games.

Some are asking me why I’m not on TV discussing this. Because I’ve turned down all requests. Here’s why: http://mmflint.me/UqcM6a

Time for action. The debate & discussion are over. Just as no one should debate whether “rape is legitimate,” this gun debate is effing over

I said what I had to say about guns 10 yrs ago. Nothing’s changed. You can watch this pirated version for free: http://mmflint.me/Jibbz0

“RT @erikb1205:It’s on Netflix bud” True. U can stream it for free there too. Don’t want studio or me 2 make any $ on this. Pls watch 4 free

RT @CarlBrandt: @MMFlint Millions of guns in Switzerland, 24 gun homicides in 2009… http://mmflint.me/UKV4uP

Yes, it helps if you have strong gun control laws like in Japan: http://mmflint.me/UwPwTv

But Connecticut has one of the strongest gun laws in the U.S. So, ‘splain that… http://mmflint.me/Z9qzoQ

I guess it helps if the State of CT doesn’t shut down the mental hospital – like they did in Newtown, CT in 1995: http://mmflint.me/Z8ZfHk

But the killer’s dad is a vice-pres of GE Financial Services (he’s in charge of taxes). So he had the money for excellent mental health help

Yes we need gun laws & better mental health care. BUT even that won’t stop the killings. Because, let’s face it, America believes in killing

A country that officially sanctions horrific violence (invade Iraq, drones kill kids, death penalty) is surprised when a 20-yr old joins in?

I hate to say it, but killing is our way. We began America w/ genocide,then built it w/ slaves. The shootings will continue- it’s who we are

The long term solution to reducing gun deaths is to change our society from one of perpetual war and fear to one of peace and tolerance.

The short term solution? A law immediately banning semi-automatic weapons & mega-clips. Must have license to own gun. Must pass mental exam.

Also, end the U.S.-sanctioned policy of killing: End the wars NOW, end death penalty. Stop banks and insurance companies from destroying ppl

It’s all violence & it’s all connected. Why does this happen only in America? The answer is right in front of u. And it’s not just the guns.

Yours,
Michael Moore
MMFlint@MichaelMoore.com
@MMFlint
MichaelMoore.com